KRZYZACY – BLACK CROSS (1960) Director: Aleksander Ford Script: Jerzy Stefan Stawinski, Aleksander Ford and Leon Kruczkowski Music: Kazimierz Serocki Cinematography: Mieczyslaw Jahoda Cast: Urszula Modrzynska, Grazyna Staniszewska, Andrzej Szalawski Henryk Borowski, Aleksander Fogiel Mieczyslaw Kalenik, Emil Karewicz Aleksander Ford’s historical epic KRZYZACY is an adaption of the novel written by author Henryk Sienkiewicz. First released at the start of the 20th century, Poland as a nation was divided and controlled by Austro-Hungary, Germany, and Russia. Sienkiewicz hoped his book would instill pride and confidence in the Polish people to break free from their oppression. The book experienced a resurgence in 1945 at the end of the war due to its parallel themes of a dominating and cruel Germany, and a weakened Polish nation. Because this theme of a strengthened and independent Poland would…